Find out more about how your privacy is protected. Oct Event description.
More details regarding the Road Show soon! In that time, he has taught well over 30, individual lessons giving him the experience to help any guitarist continue to grow as a musician.
Graduate of the prestigious Musicians Institute G. Touring product specialist for Taylor Guitars North America. Recording artist on 5 full length CD's and guest artist on numerous others as well as movie scores and infomercials. Read more Read less. Share with friends. Map and Directions View Map. As the Army went into winter quarters, Beauregard caused considerable friction with the Confederate high command. He strongly advocated an invasion of Maryland to threaten the flank and rear of Washington.
With his plan rebuffed as impractical, he requested reassignment to New Orleans, which he assumed would be under Union attack in the near future, but his request was denied. He quarreled with Commissary General Lucius B. Northrop a personal friend of Davis about the inadequate supplies available to his army. He issued public statements challenging the ability of the Confederate Secretary of War to give commands to a full general.
And he enraged President Davis when his report about Bull Run was printed in the newspaper, which suggested that Davis's interference with Beauregard's plans prevented the pursuit and full destruction of McDowell's army and the capture of Washington. Having become a political liability in Virginia, Beauregard was transferred to Tennessee to become second-in-command to General Albert Sidney Johnston no relation to Joseph E.
Johnston in his Army of Mississippi , effective March 14, The two generals planned the concentration of Confederate forces to oppose the advance of Maj. Ulysses S. Grant before he could combine his army with that of Maj. The march from Corinth was plagued by bad weather, which delayed the army's arrival by several days, and during that time, several contacts were made with Union scouts.
Because of this, Beauregard felt the element of surprise had been lost and recommended calling off the attack, but Johnston decided to proceed with the plan. In the Battle of Shiloh , which began April 6, , the Confederates launched a surprise attack against Grant's Army of the Tennessee , which despite days of prior reports of Confederate troop movements, were completely unaware that the entire Army of Mississippi was coming right at them.
Once again a more senior general named Johnston deferred to the junior Beauregard in planning the attack. The massive frontal assault was marred by Beauregard's improper organization of forces—successive attacks by corps in lines 3 miles 4. This arrangement caused intermingling of units and confusion of command; it failed to concentrate mass at the appropriate place on the line to affect the overall objectives of the attack. In midafternoon, Johnston, who was near the front of the battle action, was mortally wounded.
Beauregard, positioned in the rear of the army to send reinforcements forward, assumed command of the army and Johnston's overall Western department officially designated "Department Number Two".
As darkness fell, he chose to call off the attack against Grant's final defensive line, which had contracted into a tight semicircle backed up to the Tennessee River at Pittsburg Landing. Beauregard's decision was one of the most controversial of the Civil War. Numerous veterans and historians have wondered what might have happened if the assault had gone forward into the night.
Beauregard believed that the battle was essentially won and his men could finish off Grant in the morning. He knew the terrain to be crossed a steep ravine containing a creek named Dill Branch was extremely difficult and Grant's defensive line was heavy with massed artillery and supported by gunboats in the river. Unbeknownst to Beauregard, Buell's Army of the Ohio began arriving that afternoon, and he and Grant launched a massive counterattack on April 7. Overwhelmed, the Confederates retreated to Corinth. Grant was temporarily disgraced by the surprise attack and near defeat, causing his superior, Maj.
Sign up for daily e-mails
Halleck , to assume field command of the combined armies. Halleck cautiously and slowly approached Beauregard's fortifications at Corinth; his action became derisively called the Siege of Corinth. Beauregard withdrew from Corinth on May 29 to Tupelo, Mississippi. He was able to deceive Halleck into thinking the Confederates were about to attack; he ran empty trains back and forth through the town while whistles blew and troops cheered as if massive reinforcements were arriving. Beauregard retreated because of the overwhelming Union force and because of contaminated water supplies in Corinth.
In April and May, the Confederates lost almost as many men to death by disease in Corinth as had been killed in battle at Shiloh. Nevertheless, his leaving the critical rail junction at Corinth without a fight was another controversial decision. When Beauregard went on medical leave without requesting permission in advance, President Davis relieved him of command and replaced him with Gen. Braxton Bragg. At Beauregard's request, his allies in the Confederate Congress petitioned Davis to restore his command in the West.
Davis remained angry at Beauregard's absence and told him he should have stayed at his post even if he had to be carried around in a litter. He wrote, "If the whole world were to ask me to restore General Beauregard to the command which I have already given to General Bragg, I would refuse it. John C. The latter was promoted to lieutenant general and transferred to command the defenses of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Beauregard was unhappy with his new assignment, believing that he deserved command of one of the great Confederate field armies.
He performed successfully, however, preventing the capture of Charleston by Union naval and land attacks in In July through September , union land forces under Brig. Quincy A. Gillmore launched a series of attacks on Fort Wagner on Morris Island and other fortifications at the mouth of the harbor, while Rear Adm. John A. Dahlgren attempted to destroy Fort Sumter.
Because the latter operation failed, the successful seizure of Morris Island was not effective in threatening Charleston. During this period, Beauregard promoted innovative naval defense strategies, such as early experimentation with submarines , naval mines called "torpedoes" in the Civil War , and with a small vessel called a torpedo-ram. A swift boat fitted with a torpedo on a pole projecting from its bow under water, it could be used to surprise an enemy vessel and impale it underneath the water line.
He was also busy devising strategies for other generals in the Confederacy. He proposed that some of the state governors meet with Union governors of the Western states what are called the Midwest states today for a peace conference. The Davis administration rejected the idea, but it caused considerable political maneuvering by Davis's enemies in the Congress. Beauregard also proposed a grand strategy —submitted anonymously through his political allies so that it was not tainted by his reputation—to reinforce the Western armies at the expense of Robert E.
Grant to relieve pressure on Vicksburg and maneuver his army into a place where it could be destroyed. The Confederate Army would continue to Ohio, and induce the Western states to ally with the Confederacy. Meanwhile, a fleet of torpedo-rams built in England could be used to recapture New Orleans, ending the war. There is no record that his plan was ever officially presented to the government. While visiting his forces in Florida, which had just repelled a Union advance at Jacksonville , Beauregard received a telegram that his wife had died on March 2, Living in Union-occupied New Orleans, she had been seriously ill for two years.
P. G. T. Beauregard
A Northern-leaning local newspaper printed an opinion that her condition had been exacerbated by the actions of her husband. This so fanned negative popular opinion that 6, people attended her funeral. Union Maj. Nathaniel P. Banks provided a steamer to carry her body upriver for burial in her native parish. Beauregard wrote that he would like to rescue "her hallowed grave" at the head of an army.
The Secret Runners of New York (novel) | Matthew Reilly Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia
In April , Beauregard saw little opportunity for military glory because he foresaw that there would be no more significant assaults against Charleston, and prospects for a major field command were unlikely. He requested a leave to recover from fatigue and a chronic throat ailment, but he instead received an order to report to Weldon, North Carolina , near the Virginia border, to play a key role in the defense of Virginia. When he took command on April 18, he renamed it, on his own initiative, the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Confederates were preparing for the spring offensive of Union Lt.
Grant and were concerned that attacks south of Richmond could interrupt the critical supply lines to Richmond and the army of Robert E. Harry Williams, Napoleon in Gray . Beauregard successfully lobbied with Jefferson Davis's military adviser, Braxton Bragg, to prevent significant units of his small force from being transferred north of Richmond to the aid of Lee. His timely action, coupled with the military incompetence of Butler, bottled up the Union army, nullifying its threat to Petersburg and Lee's supply line.
Now that this sector was stable, pressure began to rise to transfer troops from Beauregard's front to Lee's.
Beauregard did send a division Maj. Robert Hoke 's to Lee for the Battle of Cold Harbor , but Lee urgently wanted more and took the step of offering Beauregard command of the right wing of the Army of Northern Virginia for his cooperation. Beauregard replied in a passive—aggressive manner, "I am willing to do anything for our success, but cannot leave my Department without orders of War Department. After Cold Harbor, Lee and the Confederate high command were unable to anticipate Grant's next move, but Beauregard's strategic sense allowed him to make a prophetic prediction: Grant would cross the James River and attempt to seize Petersburg, which was lightly defended, but contained critical rail junctions supporting Richmond and Lee.
Despite persistent pleas to reinforce this sector, Beauregard could not convince his colleagues of the danger. On June 15, his weak 5,man force—including boys, old men, and patients from military hospitals—resisted an assault by 16, Federals, known as the Second Battle of Petersburg. He gambled by withdrawing his Bermuda Hundred defenses to reinforce the city, assuming correctly that Butler would not capitalize on the opening.
His gamble succeeded, and he held Petersburg long enough for Lee's army to arrive.